Style of Regulation Jumps
Any of the jumps shown below can be used during a trial. In higher classes that require more than one jump per course, a judge can use any combination of these jumps. However, you will usually see the same jump used twice (with the exception of the broad jump) because it saves ring space.
Bar jumps and high jumps are seen most often in the ring because dogs can jump them in both directions (therefore a judge can use the same jump twice in a course) and they don’t take up much real-estate. Broad Jumps are rarely used due to the amount of ring space they consume (making less room for the rest of the course) and because they can only be used in one direction (dogs jump from the short board towards the tallest only). However, they should still be vigorously trained for because they are the most difficult to teach and they can be used at judges discretion.
Withers – highest point of the dog’s shoulder.
Jump Regulations set forth by AKC:
Section 4. Jumps. A dog is required to jump once in the Advanced class and is required to jump twice in the Excellent class. Any jump, or combination of jumps illustrated in these Regulations (broad jump, high jump or bar jump) may be used, except 4 foot wide jumps may be used in place of 5 foot wide jumps. Designs should be such that they do not interfere with the jumping of a dog. Various colors and decorations are allowed; however, there must be nothing hanging from the jump. It is the judge’s responsibility to see that the jumps are set for each dog in accordance with these regulations. Jumps may not be used consecutively on the course.
The broad jump will consist of three telescoping hurdles, each approximately 8 inches wide. The largest board will measure about 4 feet 10 inches long (if from a 5 foot set) and about 5 inches at the highest point. In the ring, broad jump boards will be arranged in order of size from smallest to largest. They will be evenly spaced, covering a distance equal to twice the height of the high jump set for each dog. Three boards will be used for a jump of 32 inches, two boards for a jump of 16 or 24 inches, and one board will be used for a jump of 8 inches. When decreasing the number of hurdles in the jump, the highest will be removed first.
The high jump will consist of two uprights and solid boards of varying heights that combine to make each dog’s required jump height. The high jump will be 5 feet wide (if from a 5 foot set) and built to be set at a height of 4 inches and adjustable in increments of 4 inches up to 16 inches. The uprights of the high jump will be 4 feet high. In addition, two 8-inch boards and one 4-inch board should be available for use. The jump will be a flat white. The height of each board will be indicated in black 2-inch numbers.
A 4-inch high jump board will be supplied for dogs that have a height at the withers of less than 10 inches. This jump height will be constructed so the maximum height does not exceed 4 inches, with a half-inch tolerance. This can be a separate board or support system placed between the two standard uprights. The high jump board used to create this 4-inch jump height can be supported by a means other than the two standard uprights.
The bar jump has two uprights that are constructed to support only a striped bar, which is set at the dog’s required jump height. The bar jump will consist of a bar that is between 2- and 21⁄2-inches square with the edges rounded to remove any sharpness. The bar will be flat black and white in alternate sections each about 3 inches wide. The bar will have the weight of wood. It will be supported by two unconnected 4-foot upright posts about 5 feet apart and built to be set at a height of 4 inches and must be adjustable in increments of 4 inches up to 16 inches. The bar jump may be used in the same way as the high jump. However, if the bar jump is to be used as a jump in both directions, the uprights must be offset to allow the bar to be knocked off from either direction without affecting the uprights.